- Prioritising between different adaptation measures
- Precautionary principle
- Polluter pays principle
- Difﬁcult to apply within climate change adaptation policymaking, because: -The beneﬁts of climate change adaptation are multi-dimentional (whereas climate mitigation is one-dimentional; reduction in green house gas emissions) -The often very long time span for assessing possible beneﬁts of adaptation measures (up to 50 years) results in low ﬁgures when calculating the present value of future beneﬁts from adaptation -Lack of knowledge on probability for future changes in local climatic conditions makes it difﬁcult to establish quantitative risk assessments
- Whether or not to invoke the precautionary principle is a decision exercised where scientific information is insufficient, inconclusive or uncertain and where there are indications that the possible effects on the environment or human, animal and plant health may be potentially dangerous and inconsistent with the chosen level of protection. • One implication of the precautionary principle is shifting the burden of proof to the new activities of technologies.
- Selecting the right strategy – Recommended criteria 1) Adapt to the climate of today 2) Establish sufﬁcient institutional capacity for implementing climate adaptation measures 3) Carry out climate vulnerability analyses 4) Inform the public about local vulnerability and adaptation challenges 5) Consider whether a ’wait-and-see’ attitude is sensible before implementing further measures 6) Make strategic prior to operational work 7) Cause-oriented measures should be carried out before effect-oriented measures 8) Give priority to ’no-regret measures’ (measures that are sensible regardless of climate scenarios) 9) Climate adaptation must not lead to considerably higher emissions of greenhouse gases 10) Climate adaptation must not be in conﬂict with the overall goal of sustainable development.