Implementing Measures

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  • Implementing Adaptation Measures
  • What is adaptation?
  • Consider the following:• Changes in social and environmental processes • Perceptions of climate risk• Practices and functions to reduce risk• Exploration of new opportunities to cope with the changed environmentTo determine adaptation needs, it is crucial to identify andcomprehend issues of:• Vulnerability,• Resilience,• Exposure,• Sensitivity,• Capacity to adapt.
  • Effect-oriented adaptation measures:– Measures to reduce possible negative effects of expected climate change – by nature often technical or physical.They are often associated with high economic costs.
  • Cause-oriented adaptation measures:– Measures to reduce society’s exposure to the effects of climate change, and in turn reducing the likelihood that negative effects of climate change occur in the first place. Cause- oriented measures tend to be of a regulatory nature, such asland-use planning.
  • Technical Versus Strategic Level Measures
  • Adaptation cannot avoid all impacts and realistically the following need to be considered in the selection and implementation of adaptation measures
  • There are ecological and physical thresholds – melting Arctic, coral bleaching etc
  • There are economic thresholds, – where the costs of adaptation exceed the costs of impacts averted, this is particularly the case in preventing/limiting geo-hazard risks and the building of sea defences
  • There are technological thresholds, -where available technologies cannot avoid climate impacts• There are social limits, -where groups judge adaptation actions to have failed.

 

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