Forms of Vulnerability

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  • Forms of Vulnerability
  • Vulnerability to today`s climate and vulnerability to tomorrows climate.•
  • Natural, socio-economic, and institutional vulnerability•
  • Vulnerability to today’s climate as well as tomorrows• Todays climate is affecting todays society.• If we are not prepared for todays climate, the task of preparing for an even “worse” climate will of course then be even tougher.
  • The traditional approach in assessing climate change vulnerability is to ask how future climate could impact ontoday’s society. Our approach goes further and assesses how future climatesmight affect future societies?
  • Natural vulnerability – refers to the ways that climate change may affect society
  • Socio-economic vulnerability – refers to how socio-economic change influences society’s vulnerability to climate change
  • Institutional vulnerability – refers to institutional capacity for handling the challenges of climate change
  • Indirect natural vulnerability – Climate change abroad may have “imported” effects.E.g. reduced global food security leading to increased pricesof arable land locally.• GHG mitigation policy vulnerability – Climate mitigation policies (e.g. tax on fossil fuels) will affect society.E.g. reduced number of tourists to a destination dependentof “fossil-fuelled” inborn tourism transportation.
  • Socio-economic and institutional vulnerability may be as important as the natural vulnerability.
  • Assessing the vulnerability to todays climate is often the best starting point for addressing vulnerability of tomorrows climate, because it can reveal if there are any adaptation deficits.

 

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