Developing Adaptation Strategies – Background

 

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  •  Climate Change Adaptation Strategies- detailed definitions of-adaptation-vulnerability-resilience-exposure and sensitivity
  • What is adaptation?Adaptation is an evolutionary process.
  • This new era of climate change brings new challenges that question the inherent adaptability of natural and human systems.
  • Changes in social and environmental processes
  • Perceptions of climate risk
  • Practices and functions to reduce risk
  • Exploration of new opportunities to cope with the changed environment
  • Climate specific adaptation can be defined by the nature of the driver, by the outcome or process, and by the type of strategy and/or action taken.
  • Process-oriented strategies
  • Outcome-oriented actions.
  • Living with and bearing losses or risks
  • Preventing effects or reducing exposure to risks
  • Sharing responsibility for any losses or risks
  • Exploiting opportunities
  • Four Main Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation
  • Effect oriented adaptation to local climate change– E.g. build flood protection
  • Cause oriented adaptation to local climate change– E.g. change location of areas for new housing developmentPossible additional perspectives
  • Indirect oriented adaptation to climate change taking place elsewhere– E.g. protect farmed land from housing or road development
  • Climate change mitigation policy adaptation– E.g. secure access to public transportation in tourism development
  • When considering adaptation options itis important to decide whether ageneral or specific approach is necessary.
  • Should you aim at all sectors and develop a general local adaptation plan?or
  • Is there a specific type of natural vulnerability or sector that should be addressed first?

 

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