Avoiding Maladaptation

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  •  Avoiding Maladaptation
  • The links and conflicts between mitigation and adaptation
  • Adaptation and sustainable development
  • How to identify and avoid maladaptation
  • The potential for mal-mitigation
  • Maladaptation occurs when adaptation measures do not increase resilience/ adaptive capacityor reduce vulnerability.Barnet and O’Neill identify five pathways to maladaptation (2010) – these occur in any adaptationproject that involves one or more of the following: 1)Increased greenhouse gas emissions- thus conflicting with mitigation measures 2)Disproportionately burden the most vulnerable 3)High opportunity costs 4)Reduced incentives to adapt 5)Set paths that limit the choices available to future generations – Barnett, J., & ONeill, S. (2010).
  • Conflicts between Mitigation and Adaptation
  • How much adaptation and mitigation would be optimal, when, and in which combination?
  • Who would decide, and based on what criteria?
  • Are adaptation and mitigation substitutes or are they complementary to one another?
  • When and where is it best to invest in adaptation, and when and where in mitigation?
  • What is the potential for creating synergies between the two responses?
  • How do their costs and effectiveness vary over time?
  • How do the two responses affect, and how are they affected by, development pathways?
  • Climate change will impose additional economic, social, and ecological costs.
  • When planning adaptation measures, consider if it may lead to one of the following -An increase in greenhouse-gas emissions -An increased pressure on biodiversity -An increase in other climate related vulnerabilities If so, reconsider the measure.
  •  Conserving and sustainably managing biodiversity is critical to addressing climate change• Adaptation strategies that reduce the resilience of biodiversity to climate change are maladaptations.
  • No-regret measures:-Adaptation measures that can be justified under all plausible future scenarios.• Adaptation measures that produce other benefits.• Adaptation measures that are flexible
  • To avoid maladaptation both climatic and socio- economic factors of vulnerabilities have to be considered when developing policy responses.
  • When planning adaptation measures, consider if it may lead to one of the following
  • -An increase in greenhouse-gas emissions
  • -An increased pressure on biodiversity
  • -An increase in other climate related vulnerabilities
  • If so, reconsider the measure.

 

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